It is the most uncommon type of cancer that begins in the bone and in any bone in the body. It mostly affects the long bones in the body specially the arms and the legs. Bone cancer are of two types- primary bone cancer and secondary bone cancer. Primary bone cancer starts in the bone itself, while secondary bone cancer starts elsewhere in the body and then spreads to the bone.
Primary bone cancer- primary bone cancer is of two types;
- Benign bone tumors: it usually occurs in children and teens. It includes osteoma, osteochondroma, giant cell tumor of bone.
- Malignant primary bone tumor: It usually occurs in adults. It includes chondrosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma. Multiple myeloma is a blood cancer which may include one or more bone tumor.
Signs and Symptoms
- The patient initially experience pain into the affected area. As time passes, pain increases. In some of the cases, pains and sign are not to be seen easily, and the person is unknown about the growing disease inside his body. In Egwing sarcoma, pain is faster and deep than other bone cancers.
- There may be swelling in the affected area.
- Bone will weaken with future risk of fracture.
- Loss of weight increases
- A lump is seen in affected area
- Fever, chills, night sweats are other common signs seen in patient.
There is no exact cause, or no proper explanation for cause of bone cancer.
- Bone cancer is mostly seen in children or young adults aged upto 20.
- Patients who have received radiation therapy
- People with a close relative who had bone cancer
- Babies born with umbilical hernia
Bone cancer is diagnosed through bone scan, computerized tomography (CT), Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), X-rays, Bone biopsy.
- Surgery: It’s the best possible way and try to remove the tumor. The surgeon may take some bone from another part of the body to replace lost bone or an artificial bone may be put in.
- Radiation therapy: it works by damaging the DNA inside the tumor cells, destroying their ability to reproduce.
- Chemotherapy: it usually refers to the destruction of cancer cells.